Albumen Photographs, Hand Colored

Japan, Described and Illustrated by the Japanese
15 Section (Volume) Set - 1897~1898
Brinkley, Frank (Captain) et. al.


Albumen Photographs, Hand Colored
 
Section I Section I
Section II Section II
Section III Section III
Section IV Section IV
Section V Section V
Section VI Section VI
Section VII Section VII
Section VIII Section VIII
Section IX Section IX
Section X Section X
Section XI Section XI
Section XII Section XII
Section XIII Section XIII
Section XIV Section XIV
Section XV Section XV

Brinkley, Frank (Captain):
Japan, Described and Illustrated by the Japanese, Written By Eminent Japanese Authorities and Scholars, Boston and Tokyo, J.B. Millet Company, 1897~8, 15 section (volume) set, 260 illustrations (including 30 albumen hand colored and 15 color collotypes (by K. Ogawa) of flowers), 382 pp. This version is not given an edition name nor are quantity printed stated. The set comes in 15 separate sections (volumes) which are Folio size (12 1/2 x 15 3/4 in) with stiff paper wraps (as before binding). The 382 pages are uncut double pages (i.e. back blank) and there are inserts cautioning not to cut the pages. The plates, (60 separate pages) are not numbered or included in the page count.

This work is a profusely illustrated view of the Japanese people and Japan at large. It is a comprehensive view (written and pictorial) of that culture at the close of the 19th century before the results of western influence were manifest. The illustrations present well known as well as more obscure places, daily activities, and people engaged in the toil of trades, farming, commerce, leisure time activities and household activities. The set is organized into specific topics, covering Japanese festivals, history, customs, medieval Japan etc. Each section has narrative and comprehensive complementary art/illustrations. There are no table of contents or listing of the photographs as found in the hardbound named editions.

The accompanying illustrations/art are, perhaps, the key and distinguishing feature of the Brinkley books. Each section begins with a beautiful full plate color collotype photograph of a flower (photographed by K. Ogawa) and contains two full plate (2) hand colored albumen photographs of people, everyday activities or scenic places. There are numerous black and white photo illustrations in the text that show the interiors of homes, art works, scenery, activities of daily life, and a host of other views on Japan in the late 19th century. While not credited in the text, the photos are believed to be by Kozaburo Tamamura with colored added in his studio (sometimes referred to as a picture factory) by a large (100+) staff of colorists. Each section also contains a full page mono-color plate reproducing patterns.

This 15 section set has the same text as in the standard 10 volume sets that are found with cloth covers. It contains the same handcolored albumen photographs (30) and the same in text photographs. This 15 section set does contain 5 additional Ogawa color collotypes of flowers not found in the 10 volume cloth bound sets. The normal length of each volume in the 15 section set is 25 pages per set where the average length per volume of the 10 volume set is 38 pages.

Titles for Albumen Photographs

Section I. Japan - I. The Empire, Its Size, Buildings, Cities and Scenery. (Pages 1~22)

  1. Mount Fuji as Seen From Kashiwabara- hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝"-
  2. The Bronze Buddha at Kamakura- hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" w tissue guard

Section II -- The Early Japanese and Their History. (Pages 23~48)

  1. Jinrikishas- hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard
  2. Street Vendor of Flowers - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard

Section III. The Early Japanese and Their History (continued). The Story of the Forty-Seven Ronins. (Pages 49~74)

  1. Fishermaidens - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard
  2. Bridge at Arashiyama near Kyoto - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard

Section IV. Establishment of the Tokugawa Dynasty and Japan's Relations with the Orient in the Early Ages of the Christian Era. (Pages 75~100)

  1. Sacred Bridge at Nikko - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard
  2. Interior of Nobleman's Palace- hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard

Section V. Establishment of the Tokugawa Dynasty and Japan's Relations with the Orient in the Early Ages of the Christian Era (Continued). Mediaeval Japan. (Pages 101~126)

  1. A Tea-House Restaurant in Kyoto - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard
  2. A Group of Boys and Girls- hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard

Section VI. Mediaeval Japan (Continued). Yoshitsune, Genghis and the Mongol Invasion (Pages 127~152)

  1. Grocery and Fruit Shop - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard
  2. A Geisha - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard

Section VII. Yoshitsune, Genghis and the Mongol Invasion (Continued). Creeds and Castles. (Pages 153~178)

  1. Bamboo Grove Near Kyoto - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard
  2. Wrestlers - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard

Section VIII. Creeds and Castles (Continued). Religion & Rites (Pages 179~204)

  1. Teaching Songs - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝"-Geisha instruction
  2. Tea-pickers - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard

Section IX. Religion & Rites. Superstitions and Divination. (Pages 205~231)

  1. Tattooed Postman - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard
  2. Wisteria at Kameido Temple, Tokyo- hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard

Section X. Festivals. Observances and Pastimes. (Pages 232~256)

  1. Cottage Garden at Kamakura- hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard
  2. The One Hundred Steps at Yokohama - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" "Teahouse Occupied by Commodore Perry in 1853-4" with tissue guard

Section XI. Observances and Pastimes. (Pages 257~282)

  1. A Koto Player - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard
  2. The Nikko Road - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard

Section XII. Observances and Pastimes (Continued). Japan's Commercial and Political Intercourse with Foreign Countries. (Pages 283~308)

  1. Writing a Letter - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard
  2. A Funeral Procession - hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard

Section XIII. Japan's Commercial and Political Intercourse with Foreign Countries (Continued). (Pages 309~334)

  1. Receiving a guest-hand colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard
  2. Arranging Flowers - hand-colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard

Section XIV. Japan's Commercial and Political Intercourse with Foreign Countries (Continued). The Attitude of Japan Toward Foreign Residents - Japanese Finance. The Attitude of Japan Toward Foreign Residents-Japanese Finance (Continued). Modern Japan in Brief. (Pages 335~360)

  1. Workmen's Holiday - hand-colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard
  2. Great Bell at Chion-In Temple, Kyoto - hand-colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard

Section XV. Modern Japan in Brief (Continued). (Pages 361~382)

  1. Theatrical Performance - hand-colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard
  2. Mangwanji Temple at Nikko - hand-colored albumen print 8"x10 ˝" with tissue guard

     

    These books have four basic types of illustrations.

    • Color collotype frontispieces (flowers by Ogawa) printed on thick mat and protected by tissue guard generally 7 1/2 x 11 in (image area) with tinted border all around of 1/4 in. All in vertical format (1 oval shape, others rectangular).

    • Albumen photographs which have been hand colored (8 x 10 in). These are tipped in on a thick backing mat. Each albumem print is protected by a tissue guard with title and explanation. There is no writing/titling on the actual photographs. These photographs are in both horizontal and vertical format.

    • Text illustrations. Black and white half-tone photographs (generally 3 1/2+ x 5+ in) inserted in the text in both vertical and horizontal format.

    • Mono-color (generally red) reproductions of prints/patterns.

    Quantities.
    •   15   Color Collotype Frontispieces (Flowers)
    •   30   Albumen Photographs (Hand Colored)
    • 200   Text Illustrations
    •   15   Mono-color Reproductions of Prints/Patterns
      260 - Total
Main Page for this Book, Click here.
Ilustration Galleries
Flower Collotypes Albumem Photographs Reproductions of Patterns Text
Illustrations
1897~8 - 15 Section (Paper Wraps) Set

Covers

Title Page

Color Flower Collotypes by Ogawa
 

 
Albumen Photograph, Hand Colored

* Albumen Photographs. Albumen prints were introduced around 1850 by the French photographer Louis-Désiré Blanquart-Evrard. The albumen paper was prepared by first floating a sheet of fine quality paper on a solution of albumen (hen egg white) mixed with a salt. This process was sometimes repeated several times. When dried, the albumem coated paper was floated on a silver nitrate solution. The silver nitrate combined with the salt to form light-sensitive silver chloride in the albumen binder layer. The paper can then be exposed to light in direct contact with the negative. Light energy converts the silver halide to metallic silver. The resulting silver-based image is fixed with an aqueous solution of sodium thiosulphate and gold-toned. The print is then washed extensively in clean water and dried. In a final step, albumen prints are often rewet and mounted to a heavy weight paperboard using heat and high pressure.

Albumen prints are known for their subtly graded tones and fine-grained resolution. All albumen photographs exhibit a fine network of cracks in the albumen protein layer. Also, because of the difference in surface tension between the paper and the albumen layer, albumen prints tend to roll or curl in on themselves.

For a site which deals extensively with albumen photographs, click here.



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