~~ Book 1893120823 ~~

Landscape Gardening in Japan
Volume I (Only)

by Josiah Conder
Collotypes by K. Ogawa

Condition. The book is in Very Good condition. There is scattered light to medium foxing throughout. The lithographs have only light scattered foxing. No tissue guards are present.

Conder, Josiah:
Landscape Gardening in Japan, Volume I, Tokio, printed by Hakubunsha, published and sold by Kelly & Walsh, 1893, large 4to (11 x 14.5 in - 28 x 36.7 cm), green cloth with extensive gilt decoration on front cover, back cover is blind stamped, beveled edges, decorated endpapers. Volume I contains 37 full page plates (12 of which are tinted lithographs) and 161 numbered pages of text. Within the text there are 55 woodcut text illustrations.

Volume II, the supplement to this volume, is not present.

The first and primary volume of this set of two books. It presents the history of Japanese landscape gardening followed by chapters dealing with various technical aspects of traditional Japanese gardens. These chapters include stones, lanterns, pagodas, water basins, enclosures, wells, bridges, arbors, ornamental water (including the use of lakes, rivers, streams and waterfalls in gardens), plants (detail lists given) and physical composition of the various types of gardens (hill, flat, tea, passage and fancy). All of these topics are lavishly illustrated in the accompanying text illustrations and plates.

A distinguishing feature of this set is the very high quality of the plates. In the first volume Conder used the more expensive and labor intensive tinted lithographic plates for 12 of the 37 plates. This is one of the few Meiji era Western language books relating to Japan to use this type of plate. Wenckstern noted the prices were $10.00 for volume 1 and $6.00 for the supplement.

The books were published and sold/distributed by Kelly and Walsh, Limited, Yokohama, Shanghai, Hong Kong and Singapore. They were printed by Hakubunsha, Tokio.


Examples of Lithographs and Woodcuts in Volume 1




Title Page

Contents, Volume 1

List of Illustrations

Origin of Japanese Gardening
Earliest Style
Kamakura Period
Muromachi Period
Influence of the Tea Ceremonial
Gardens of the Tokugawa Times
Tokio Gardens
Kioto Gardens
Provincial Gardens
Descriptions of Fukiage Garden
Hama Rikiu Garden
Shiba Rikiu Garden
Akasaka Rikiu Garden
Koishikawa "Koraku En" Garden
"Horai En" Garden
"Toyama En" Garden
"Yoku on En" Garden
Okayama "Koraku En" Garden
"Hongwanji" Garden

Special Importance of Garden Stones
Scale of Stones
Sex of Stones
Symbolism of Stones
Geological Character
Radical Shapes
Hill Stones
Lake and River Stones
Cascade Stones
Island Stones
Valley Stones
Water Basin Stones
Tea Garden Stones
Stepping Stones

Origin of Garden Lanterns
Employment of Garden Lanterns
Materials for Construction
Standard Lanterns
Varieties and Nomenclature
Snow-scene Lanterns
Hanging Lanterns
Bronze Lanterns
Grouping of Stones with Lanterns

Religious Origin of Garden Pagodas
Various Shapes of Garden Pagodas
Employment in Gardens

Relation between Basins and Buildings
Use of Garden Basins
Different Shapes of Basins and Nomenclature

Enclosing Walls to Gardens
Garden Fences
Wooden Fences
Bamboo Fences
Open Fences
Garden Hedges
Garden Gateways and Gates
Screen Fences

Purpose of Garden Wells
Arrangement of Garden Wells
Different Forms of Well Frames and Coverings
Well Buckets
Well Drains

Stone Bridges
Wooden Bridges
Earth Bridges
Rustic Bridges

Open Arbours and Summer-houses
Closed Arbours
Fancy Arbours
Position of Arbours

Importance of Water in Landscape Gardens
Garden Lakes
Garden Cascades
Garden Rivers and Streams
Garden Islands
Duck Ponds

Arrangement of Vegetation
Trimming of Trees and Shrubs
List of Garden Trees, Shrubs, and Plants
Deciduous Trees and Shrubs
Flowering Trees and Shrubs
Flowering Plants
Creeping Plants
Large-leaved Plants
Bamboos, Rushes, and Grasses
Selection of Vegetation
Limited Use of Flowering Plants
Trees and Plants in Relation to Special Positions
Proportion of Trees

Preparatory Training for Designing
Out Door Sketching
Examination of the Site
Methods of Designing
Hill Gardens
Flat Gardens
Tea Gardens
Passage Gardens
Fancy Gardens

List of Illustrations.

Plates Volume 1  (37).

I.      Radical Stone Shapes  and  Double  Combinations.
II.     Radical Stone Shapes, Triple and Quintuple Combinations.
III.    Stepping Stones, General Arrangements.
IV.     Stepping Stones, Details.
V.      Garden Lanterns, Standard Lantern Class.
VI.     Garden Lanterns, Standard and Legged Lanterns.
VII.    Garden Lanterns, Fancy Kinds.
VIII.   Garden Pagodas, Three and Five Storied.
IX.     Garden Water Basins, Fancy Shapes.
X.      Garden Water Basins, Showing Method of Arrangement.
XL      Garden Fences, Bamboo and Boarded Structures.
XII.    Garden Gateways for Fences and Hedges.
XIII.   Garden Gateways for Principal Entrances.
XIV.    Garden Gates of Boards and   Bamboo-work.
XV.     Garden Screen Fences, Ordinary Kinds.
XVI.    Garden Screen Fences, Ordinary Kinds.
XVII.   Garden Fences, Fancy Kinds.
XVIII.  Garden Screen Fences, Fancy Kinds.
XIX.    Garden Screen Fences, with Stones and Vegetation.
XX.     Garden Screen Fences, with Lantern and Basins.
XXI.    Garden Wells, Stone and Wooden Frames.
XXII.   Wooden Garden Bridges, showing Surroundings.
XXIII.  Stone Garden Bridges, showing Surroundings.
XXIV.   Garden Arbours, various Designs.

XXV.    Diagram of Hill Garden, Finished Style.  *
XXVI.   Diagram of Hill Garden, Intermediary Style.  *
XXVII.  Diagram of Hill Garden, Rough Style.  *
XXVIII. Diagram of Flat Garden, Finished Style.  *
XXIX.   Diagram of Flat Garden, Intermediary Style.  *
XXX.    Diagram of Flat Garden, Rough Style.  *
XXXI.   Diagram of Tea Garden.  *
XXXII.  Diagram of Tea Garden Enclosures.  *
XXXIII. Diagram of Tamagawa Tea Garden.  *
XXXIV.  Large Lake Garden.  *
XXXV.   Sotefsu Garden of the Hongwanji.  *
XXXVI.  Garden of Ginkakuji, or the "Silver Pavilion."  *
XXXVII. Garden Plan
*      Plates XXV-XXXVI (12) are tinted lithographs. All others appear to be woodblock type plates.
Figures Printed with the Text Volume 1 (55).

Figure Number.
1.      Page    7.      Natural Pine-tree.
2.      Page    14.     Lake Seiko, China.
3.      Page    17.     Garden of Banto In, Kioto.
4.      Page    22.     Grounds of Hoshun In, Daitokuji.
5.      Page    23.     Entrance Court, Daitokuji.
6.      Page    36.     Karasaki Pine-tree, Lake Biwa.
7.      Page    38.     Arbour of the "Floating Wine Cup."
8.      Page    40.     Summer House, Koraku En.
9.      Page    42.     Miniature Garden in Water Bowl.
10.     Page    43.     Religious Arrangement of Stones.
11.     Page    56.      Garden of a Sakai Merchant.
12.     Page    58.     Garden of Raked Sand.
13.     Page    60.     Garden of Zuiun In, Mioshinji.
14.     Page    66.     Garden of Jojiu In, Kiyomizu.
15.     Page    67.     Garden belonging to Tei-ami, Maruyama.
16.     Page    70.     Bronze Basin with Screen Fence.
17.     Page    73.     Garden Wall with Willow-tree.
18.     Page    75.     Screen   Fence, with Blossoming Trees.
19.     Page    76.     Tea Garden with Open Bamboo Fence.
20.     Page    79.     Garden of Kaifuku In, Kioto.
21.     Page    80.     Garden Fence and Entrance,
                          with Overhanging Pine.
22.     Page    83.     Framed Screen Fence.
23.     Page    87.     Garden Well with Accessories.
24.     Page    90.     Garden called Sho-fu-tei, Kamakura.
25.     Page    91.     Garden of Joko In, Miidera Temple.
26.     Page    93.     Garden Arbour.
27.     Page    94.     Ancient Garden with Arbour.
28.     Page    96.     Ancient Temple Garden, Kioto.
29.     Page    97.     Shapes of Garden Lakes.
30.     Page    99.     Garden of Kotokuji, Kioto.
31.     Page    102.    Garden of Jizo In, Mibu.
32.     Page    103.    Temple Garden, Kioto.
33.     Page    106.    Saigio  Willow-tree.
34.     Page    107.    Plan showing Method of Planting Trees.
35.     Page    107.    Saigio Pine-tree, Sagami.
36.     Page    108.    "Kwannon's Seat" Pine-tree, Sagami.
37.     Page    109.    Saigio Willow, Ashino.
38.     Page    111.    Natural Twin Pine-trees.
39.     Page    114.    Maple-trees of Tsuten, Kioto.
40.     Page    116.    The "Flying Plum-tree."
41.     Page    122.    Cherry-trees of Arashiyama.
42.     Page    124.    Tea Garden with Hills and Cherry-trees.
43.     Page    130.    "Garden of Limitless View."
44.     Page    131.    Garden of Tarioji-no-Zushi, Kotokuji.
45.     Page    134.    Diagram of Land and Water Distribution.
46.     Page    144.    Tea Garden, Sakai.
47.     Page    145.    Plans of Tea Rooms.
48.     Page    146.    Tea Garden  at Kitano.
49.     Page    147.    Garden called Niuwa-tei.
50.     Page    148.    Tea Garden representing Scenery
                           near Fujisan.
51.     Page    149.    Tea Garden representing Yatsuhashi
52.     Page    151.    "Garden of Mountain Grass."
53.     Page    153.    Cherry-tree Garden.
54.     Page    154.    Garden of "Late Spring-time."
55.     Page    155.    Garden design by Sen-no-Rikiu.

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