Purchas His Pilgrimes in Japan.
Purchas, Samuel, B.D.
Wild, Cyril (editor and added commentary):
Purchas His Pilgrimes in Japan. Extracted from Hakluytus Posthumus or Purchas His Pilgrimes. Containing a History of the World in Sea Voyages and Lande Travells by Englishmen and others by Samuel Purchas, B.D. and edited with commentary and notes by Cyril Wild, Kobe, J.L. Thompson and London, Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co. Ltd., preface dated December 1938, Japanese language colophon tipped in at rear with printing date of 1939, printed in Japan by The Kobe & Osaka Press, Ltd, Kobe, 8vo (6 1/4 x 9 in - 16 x 23 cm), brown blindstamped cloth with gilt lettering on spine, 5 black and white illustrations which include 2 maps, bibliography, index, 5 pages of J.L. Thompson advertisements at the rear, i-viii, 283 pp.
This book is a compilation of Western contacts with Japan found in the published records of the Hakluyt Society. It begins with Marco Polo's second-hand and exaggerated accounts of Japan ("They have gold in great store....") in the 13th century. The book contains accounts of Portuguese, Spanish, Jesuit, Dutch and English activities in Japan. The editor provides detailed commentary and that is followed by extracts from the Hakluyt records. The extracts contain notations in the margin citing the volume number and page in the 20 volume set where the extract can be found. As the extracts relating to Japan are contained throughout the 20 volume source set, this book is an important and time saving compilation. Much information can be found on William Adams, John Saris, the English House at Hirado and Richard Cocks. The English section spans approximately two thirds of the book.
Saris and his voyage to Japan are discussed by Cyril Wild at pages 102 to 124. The actual Saris log is at pages 124 to 232.
The editor bases this work on Hakluytus Posthumus or Purchas His Pilgrimes, Contayning a History of the World in Sea Voyages and Lande Travells by Englishmen and Others published by James MacLehose in 20 volumes between 1905-1909. Regarding the 20 volume republication, Wild asserts it is "an exact reprint" of the original five volume publication with the same title published in London in 1625. Wild notes a copy of the Saris's log is in the possession of the India Office. In comparing that to the version published by the Hakluyt Society, he concluded that it is "...evident that the India Office MS is Saris's fair copy of the original log...." (at page 122) and that the log in Hakluyt records appears to have been "amplified" by Saris. Wild also notes that the Bacon manuscript (owned by the Toyo Bunko) is identical, except for minor variations, to the log published by Hakluyt Society.
Three Versions of the Saris Log
Several books have been published which deal with the log of Saris's visit to Japan in 1613. It should be noted that they deal with different versions of the Saris's logs. These versions are:
Title Page Contents. Preface 1-6 Part I. The Early Explorers. 7-20 i. Marco Polo ii. The Portuguese and Spaniards Part II. The Jesuits 21-62 Part III. The Dutch 63-70 Part IV. The English 71-248 i Ralph Fitch and Thomas Cavendish ii. Sir Edward Michelborne & John Davys iii. Will Adams iv. John Saris and Richard Cocks and the English House at Hirado v. The Fleet of Defense Notes 249-268 Note A. Embassy from the Viceroy of the Indies to Toyotomi Hideyoshi Note B. Toyotomi Hideyoshi's invasion of Korea Note C. Tea Note D. The Death of William Adams Note E. Correspondence between King James I and Tokugawa Iyeyasu Note F. The Petition for Privileges and Charter of Trade Bibliography 269-270 Index 271-283 Advertisements for J.L. Thompson 5 unnumbered pages Illustrations. Facsimile of Engraved Title Page Frontispiece Facsimile of the Title Page to the First Part viii Hondius his Map of the World 86 The Japonian Charter 156 Hondius his Map of Japan 230
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