~~ Book Set 1729050615 ~~
by Engelbert Kaempfer
Condition. This set is in Good+ condition. However, it is lacking one of the 45 plates. The missing plate is Plate VIII, A Map of the Empire of Japan. The other 44 plates are present. The book is bound in contemporary leather. The spine covering has gilt decoration and lettering. The edges are stained red. The inside of the covers (front and back) have colored paper covering. There is a free page adjacent to the front and back inside covers.
Both books have a "Newport Historical Society" hand stamp and number at the top of the title page. There are no other library or society indicia. Based upon my inquiry, the Newport Historical Society advised me that they find no evidence that the work is "...still a part of the collection of the Newport Historical Society." The Society also stated it is likely that the books were deaccessed by the Society in the 1960s. A copy of the letter from the Society in this regard will be provided with the books. There is no extra (second) illustrated title page in Volume I which is apparently sometimes found in that volume.
The boards are heavily scraped. The spine covering is in poor condition with portions missing and it is beginning to detach from the block along the edges.
While the binding is solid, there is separation at some points when the book is opened at the points where signatures join. This is particularly so in Volume I where the plate section ends and the text section begins.
The book has heavy to medium foxing. It is heaviest at the front and back and moderates significantly thereafter. Below is a typical view of interior pages.
The plates (actually designated "Tabs") have light to medium foxing and marginal toning and are cleaner than the text pages. I would rate them as Very Good. There are minor margin tears but none enter the image area. The folding plates are all properly folded with no extra creases. The images below are the actual plates in this book. Plate VIII is missing and there is evidence of where it was crudely removed.
The text portions of the book have been checked page by page. All text pages are present.
Volume I is text and plates and has:
Volume II is all text and it has:
There is a red ink/blood smear in the margin of Appendix page 54. It is approximately 2x2cm. There are two appendix pages with the number 73 and they have different text.
Volume I, title page printed in red and black with engraved vignette by D. Coster, dedication page with engraved head-piece, "Epiture" (3 pages), table of contents (2 pages), i-lii pages of "Preliminaire" which include the author's preface, the life of the author, an introduction by the translator, a listing and explanation of the plates (called tabs), 45 copper engraved plates on fine laid paper, including maps, plans, views, tea plant and utensils, medicine and flora and fauna plates and text pages 1-217 following the plates. It appears that in some editions there is a second engraved title page.
Volume II, title page printed in red and black with engraved vignette by D. Coster. It contains a "Livre" (2 pages), text pages (pages 1-313), Appendix 1 & 2 (pages 1-87) and an index - "Table of Matieres" (pages 88-96).
The plates. The set contains 45 fine copper engraved plates, all found in volume I. These were prepared under the supervision of the translator Scheuchzer and many are said to be based upon drawings and sketches in Kaempfer's manuscripts. There are 35 double page plates (3 are folding), 10 single page plates (9 are folding). The double page plates are mounted left to right. In some bindings, the plates are not bound directly into the book. Instead, they are attached to a linen type "T" type stub/strip which is bound into the book. This is a very high quality technique and the double page plates are actually a continuous sheet with no loss of image between the two sides of the plate. To see the plate binding using this technique, click here.
The following is a precise listing of all pages in the Volumes I and II that I have examined.
Volume I is text and plates and has:
Volume II is all text and it has:
Engelbert Kaempfer (1651-1716), a physician and botanist, served as the medical officer at the Dutch concession on Deshima from 1690-1692. In his position, and because of his background, he had a rare opportunity and ability to observe and record Japanese life, culture and natural history. He also participated in two trips from Deshima to Jedo (Tokyo) and carefully documented his observations. All this occurred during a period where Japan was secluded from the Western world. On his return to Germany in 1693 he published an account of his travels under the title of Amoenitates Exoticae. However, his extensive manuscripts regarding Japan remained unpublished. These were obtained by Sir Hans Sloane who had them translated into English by J.G. Scheuchzer. Thus, in 1727, the first edition of Kaempfer's comprehensive account of Japan appeared in English as The History of Japan. This was followed in 1729 by translations in both Dutch and French. This is the 1729 French edition which is a translation of the English edition. A second French edition (abridged pocket book size/12mo) was published in a three volume set by Uytwerf in Amsterdam in 1732.
Until the Narrative of the Perry Expedition to Japan published in 1856-7, these works derived from Kaempfer's manuscripts were the primary source of information about Japan in the Western world.
Plate I (4 figures - double page) A Curious Star-fish with nine rays, A Prow or boat such as the Siamites use at their funerals A Prow or boat such as the Siamites use at their funerals The Boat on board which were carried the letters for the King Plate II (double page) The plan of Juthia, the capital of Siam Plate III (7 figures - double page) The plan of the Royal Palace of Siam An inhabited Boat of the Siamites An inhabited Boat of the Siamites An inhabited Boat of the Siamites A view of the river Meinam Plate IV (fold-down) The Pyramid Pukathon near Juthia Plate V (4 figures - double page) A view of the two Courts of Berklam's Temple A large Idol a stone held very sacred by the Siamites. Monstrous Idols Plate VI (7 figures - double page) A view of the Temple of the Siamites The front of the said Temple An open House with a bell hanging in it A Pyramid such as the Siamites commonly place about their Temples A large Pyramid in the second Court of Berklam's Temple A sort of an Altar, with a cup or pot at the top A Pyramid such as the Siamites commonly place about their Temples A Pyramid called Pra Pian A Pyramid called Pra Tsiebi Plate VII (single page) A Map of the course of the river Meinam Plate VIII (double page) - (Missing from this Book) A map of the Empire of Japan "Imperium Japonicum in Sexaginta et Octo" (title in 1727, History of Japan version) (17.7 x 20.2 in - 46 x 53 cm) Plate IX (8 figures - double page) Kirin, a chimerical Animal as represented by the Chinese The same according to the Japanese Suugu, a Chimera of the Japanese Kaitsu, a Chimera of the Japanese Dsja, the Dragon, according to the Japanese Tatsmaki, a water Dragon, by the Japanese Foo, a chimerical Bird of Paradise, according to the Chinese Foo, a chimerical Bird of Paradise, as figured by the Japanese Plate X (7 figures - double page) Mukadde, a Forty-leg Jamakagats, a large snake Kinmodsui, a beautiful duck Foken, a night bird Misago, a sea bird of the hawk kind Sebi, a sort of beetel. San-mio, a sort of Spanish-flies Plate XI (8 figures - double page) Iruku, a known fish Furube, a blower fish Susuki, a bald head Koi, a fish not unlike a carp Ara, a Jacob's Ewertz Ooadsi, a sort of Maasbancker Fukasame, the fish of whose skin they made the Shagrin - Cases Susumoiwo, a needle fish Plate XII (8 figures - double page) Oounagi, a sort of Eel much larger than the common Jaatzme Unagi, an eel with eight eyes Doodsio, a fish with a very large head in proportion to the body Fammo, a Conger Eel Ika, a common sea-qualm according to the Chinese Ika, as figured by the Japanese Jako or Sepia, another sea-qualm Kuragge, another sea-qualm Plate XIII (8 figures - double page) Namako, called Kafferkull, by the Dutch at Batavia Imori, a black water Lizard Mooki, according to the Chinese Mooki, an emblematical Tortoise, as figur'd by the Japanese Isicame, the Land tortoise Jogame, the Water tortoise Gamina, soldier's crab Kabutogami, a singular crab Plate XIV (9+1 figures - double page) Hind-Claw of the Simagani Gadsame, a crab with the upper shell tapering into a point on both sides Simagani, a striated pocket-crab Awabi, an open Univalve Tairagi, a sort of Pinna Famaguri, bivalves, smooth and white within Kisa, bivalves with deep furrows Te or Matee, oblong thin bivalves gaping at both ends Takaragai, or Cowries Sasai, a large Turbinated univalve Plate XV (double page) Characters of the Elements and the Celestial Signs Plate XVI (double page) The names of the Deities, Chinese and Japanese Emperors Plate XVII (double page) A view of Matsusima, a Sintos Temple Plate XVIII (double page) A view of the Temple of Tensio Daisin at Isje Plate XIX (Map + 11 figures - double page and fold out) A Map of the City of Nagasaki, and of the adjacent country The Kobanj, or Cobang An Obani in gold A large lump of silver, with several impressions Both sides of a double Senni An Ita or Schuit or silver; a Senni or Putjos An Itzebo in gold Plate XX (6 figures - double page) The manner in which Imperial Orders, etc., are put up in Publick places The privilege granted to the Dutch in 1611 The Superscription of the renew'd privilege granted to Henry Brouwer The Seal of the Emperor Ongoschiosama The Seal of the Emperor Taitokouynsama The General form of the Oath in Japan Plate XXI (10 figures - double page) A Biosju or Memorial Table A Biosju or Memorial Table The trunks and Adofski The saddle The Adofski by itself A pleasure boat with the sails, flags, banners etc A pleasure boat with the sails, flags, banners etc A Japanese merchant ship A view of the stern of a merchant ship The figure of the black horned Giwon, an Idol of the Japanese Plate XXII (2 figures - double page) Some Banners Umbrellas A bow, arrow and quiver Pikes of state The Chair of State The retinue of the Dutch Ambassadors in their journey to Court Plate XXIII (12 figures - single page foldout) A particular map of the. Author's Journey from Nagasaki, over the Island Kiusju,to Kokura Plate XXIV (double page - foldout) A particular Map of the voyage from Kokura to Simonoseki and thence to Osacca Plate XXV (double page) A view of the Streights of Caminoseki, and the two villages Morizu and Caminoseki A view of Simodsi or Sijmotsui Plate XXVI (double page fold out) A view of the town and harbour of Muru, and its castle Plate XXVII (single page foldout and down) The ground-plot of the town of Miaco the residence of the Ecclesiastical Hereditary Emperor of Japan Plate XXVIII (double page) A particular Map of the road from Osacca to Miaco, and from thence to Fammamatz Plate XXIX (single page - fold down) A particular map of the road from Fammamatz to Jedo, the residence of the Secular Monarch of Japan Plate XXX (double page) A ground-plot of the city of Jedo, the Capital of the Japanese Empire Plate XXXI (double page) The hall of hundred mats Musical instruments of the Japanese Plate XXXII (double page) The hall of audience of the Dutch Ambassadors Arms of the Japanese (many items depicted) Plate XXXIII (14 figures - double page) A ground-plot of the hot bath near Urissijno A ground-plot of the town of Kokura A view of the town and castle of Quano A view of the town and castle of Mijah A large Gum Gum or bell Kurumado, a temple near Miaco A ground-plot of the Simmios temple A singular semi-circular bridge leading to that temple Pillars or bound stones, A shuit of silver as they are commonly nailed to Proclamation Posts Three instruments usually carried before criminals in publick executions Plate XXXIV (double page) A view of the Kiomeds temple at Miaco Plate XXXV (single page - foldout) A view of the Daibods temple at Miaco Plate XXXVI (single page - foldout) A view of a Quanwon temple at Miaco wherein are 33,333 Idols Plate XXXVII (single page - foldout and down) The idol of Quanwon sitting on a Tarate flower Plate XXXVIII (double page) The tea shrub Plate XXXIX (double page - 6+ figures) Darma, an eminent saint of the Japanese The forepart of a portable machine, containing a whole set of instruments for keeping, making and drinking of tea The back part of the same machine The hanging valve of wood The larger brass vessel The smaller brass vessel The wind-oven The larger wooden case The smaller wooden case Three smaller wooden cases The dishes and instruments requisite for making and drinking the tea The Scale Plate XL (double page) A branch of the true Paper tree: a branch of the spurious Paper-tree Plate XLI (double page) Oreni, a beautiful Alcea Plate XLII (single page, small foldout) Sanekadsura, a shrub Plate XLIII (single page - 6 figures) The Silver needles in the case The covering of the said case One of the gold needles taken out The hammer A brass pipe to guide the needles in pricking The Acupunctura, or needle pricking of the Japanese for curing the cholick Plate XLIV (double page) Two schemes shewing what parts of the human body are to be burnt with the Moxa in several distempers Plate XLV (double page) Three several alphabets of the Japanese language
Summary of the Format of Plates - 1729, 1st French Edition
Table of Contents -- Volumes 1~3
Publishers' Note, xiii
BOOK I -- A GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE EMPIRE OF JAPAN
I. Journal of the author's voyage from Batavia to Siam, with an account of what happen'd during his Stay there, 1
I. Names of the Gods, Demi-Gods and Emperors, who are mention'd in the Japanese Histories, as the first Monarchs and Governors of that Empire, 251
BOOK III -- OF THE STATE OF RELIGION IN JAPAN
I. Of the Religions of this Empire in general, and of the SINTOS Religion in particular, I
BOOK IV -- OF NAGASAKI, THE PLACE OF RESIDENCE FOR FOREIGNERS: OF THEIR TRADE, ACCOMMODATION, ETC.
I. Of the Situation of the City of Nagasaki, and its Harbour; as also of its publick and private Buildings, 73
BOOK V -- THE AUTHOR'S TWO JOURNIES TO THE EMPEROR'S COURT AT JEDO, THE CITY OF HIS RESIDENCE
I. Preparations for our Journey, with a Description of the manner of travelling in this country, 275
Book V -- Continued -- THE AUTHOR'S TWO JOURNIES TO THE EMPEROR'S COURT AT JEDO, THE CITY OF HIS RESIDENCE
IX. Our journey from Osacca to Miaco, the residence of the Ecclesiastical Hereditary Emperors, with a description of both these cities, I
I. The Natural History of the Japanese Tea; with an accurate description of that Plant, its culture, growth, preparation and uses, 215