Lithographic Images of the Japan Expedition.:
~ Eliphalet Brown's Illustrations of the Japan Expedition
~ Wilhelm Heine's Graphic Scenes of the Japan Expedition
Price List (Added May 2009)
~ Heine, Brown, et. al., lithographs in the Government Narrative Lew Chew (Okinawa) - 20 Lithographs, 2 Maps
Japan - Part 1 - 28 + 1 (banned) Lithographs
Japan - Part 2 - 19 Lithographs - 1 Map
Other - 22 Lithographs - Not Japan or Okinawa
Natural History, Part 1 - Birds, Animals & Agriculture
Natural History, Part 2 - Fish & Shells
Reports/Documents Extracted from Volume 2
"Passing the Rubicon" a Lithograph from
the "Elephant" Folio of Six Lithographs
Published by Eliphalet M. Brown, Jr. in 1855
Available - Price on Request
W. HEINE DEL -- E. BROWN Jr. DIREX -- SARONY AND CO LITH, N.Y.
Type: Hand colored chromolithograph
Perry's squadron of four ships arrived in Yedo Bay on July 7, 1853 and anchored on the western side of the bay off the city of Uraga. On this first visit to Japan, Perry's primary mission was to deliver the President's letter to the Emperor of Japan. While negotiating the conditions under which the letter would be delivered, Commodore Perry dispatched boats to survey the harbor. This lithograph depicts the confrontation on July 11, 1853, between an American survey boat under the command of Silas Bent and Japanese boats. This scene probably represents the first direct potential for armed conflict with Japanese military forces experienced by the Expedition.
A boat had been sent at daylight from each ship of the squadron to survey the bay and harbor of Uraga. The governor, on observing these boats, inquired what they were doing, and when he was told that they were surveying the harbor, he said it was against Japanese laws to allow of such examinations; to which he received for reply, that the American laws command them, and that Americans were as much bound to obey the American as he was the Japanese laws.
The Title - "Passing the Rubicon." The term passing the rubicon is often used to signify the taking of an irrevocable step or the point of no return. It is very frequently applied to military actions and was derived from Julius Caesar's crossing the Rubicon in BC 49 to march against Pompey in defiance of the senate’s orders. By crossing the Rubicon (actually a small stream) Caesar committed himself to conquer or to perish. I believe this is the meaning the title to this print conveys. Commodore Perry, by sending his boats out to test the Japanese response, took an irrevocable step in his mission.
Point Rubicon. There was a geographical location in the area depicted in this print which was named Point Rubicon. I presume this was named so by Commodore Perry as were many of the points on maps being complied by the expedition. Point Rubicon is located north of Uraga. It is shown on Map 11 in Volume 2 of the Narrative of the Expedition. The map is titled Gulf and Bay of Yedo. Below is the portion of the map showing Point Rubicon.
This lithograph may be available for purchase.
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Special Interest Books/Art:
~ K. Ogawa - Color Collotypes and Books/Prints
~ T. Hasegawa - Color Woodblock Books
~ Shimbi Shoin - Art Reproduction Books
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Meiji Era - Japan Views & Images (Price Lists & Information):
~ Albumen Photos : Other Photos : Chromolithographs
~ Colored Albumen Photographs (from Brinkley Books)
~ Stereoviews : Kazumasa Ogawa Collotypes
~ CDV - K. Ogawa : CDV - Other : Cabinet Cards
~ Glass Slides, "Magic Lantern" - Hand Colored
~ Fujiya Hotel, Miyanoshita
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