Simoda from the American
Grave Yard (Type I)
Click the picture for image
of complete lithograph
While in Simoda a marine (21 year old G. W. Parish) aboard the Powhatan died from an accident. Japanese authorities granted the request for burial in Simoda and the burial took place on May 5, 1854 in a plot in the village of Kaki-zaki.
Prominent in the background you see the steam ships Mississippi and Powhatan. Other ships that went to Simoda included the Southampton, Supply, Vandalia and the Lexington. In this lithograph (3 ships in harbor) you see a non-steam ship to the right of the steam ships. There is a different version of this lithograph (4 ships in harbor) where another non-steam ship is seen to the left..
Commodore Perry visited the newly opened port of Simoda on the 18th of April, 1854. He remained there until the 9th of May. This particular excursion resulted in a total of 15 lithographs, which is approximately 17% of all the lithographs in the Narrative. It appears that Commodore Perry was very much impressed with Simoda and found many aspects of it to represent typical facets of Japanese culture and life. These were recorded in paintings by Heine.
The Narrative described Simoda as a town of approximately 1,000 houses and 7,000 inhabitants located on a small island near the mouth Yedo Bay. While the town appeared to the expedition members to be impoverished and lacking significant trading facilities, they were impressed with its beauty and cleanliness.
The titles/lettering read:
- From nature by Heine
- Lith of Sarony & Co. N.Y.
- SIMODA FROM THE AMERICAN GRAVE YARD
Bottom edge (binding edge) is ragged. Plate is toned evenly overall (sightly more than normal).
Paper thickness is 8.75mm.
I have noted two types of this lithograph. I call this the Type I (3 ships). On the Type I there are three ships in the harbor (two steam ships in middle and one sail ship to the right). On the Type II there are four ships in the harbor. The fourth ship (a sail ship) is near the large rock in the vicinity of the left margin.
Page Size (cm): 29.1x22.5cm
Image Size (cm): Width-23.7, Height-16.7, Dia 29
Attribution: This lithograph has been positively confirmed to be from the Beverley Tucker, Senate Printing (1856), of the Narrative.
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